Reports and Studies

Here we present current research results: Transport mode comparisons, economic feasibility studies, potential analyses for individual connections or entire networks. Where necessary, we classify these or supplement the state of research with our own studies.

2022

Willingness to use night trains for long-distance travel
Dutch study to find out passenger preferences in relation to a night train experience. Find it here.

2021

“A Plea For A night Train Renaissance” by Back-on-Track, Belgium
This paper discusses key turnpoint changes since the 1880s until today as well as the political, social, economic and ecological aspects of night trains. It considers different customer profiles and the role of the European Railway Agency with recommendations for policy makers and railway operators. Finally, it discusses why Brussels is the perfect city to become a central node in the future night train network.

Map of Europe with a dense mesh of orange brs

“One in every 2 air passenger will have the option to choose overnight trains in Europe” by Oui au train de nuit, France
A top-down analysis off the night train passenger potential, using Eurocontrol air passenger data to examine relevant passenger volumes and the need for rolling stock.

2020

Swedish report by Trafikverket
A practical report from 27.4. 2020 giving advices to Swedish and Danish governments how to re-introduce Scandinavian night trains. You may find the original here or download our machine translated unofficial English version

Passenger transport abroad by Back-on-Track Denmark
made by a group of campaigners in April 2020 to tell that it is possible with both a climate and a passenger argument to let European railways and night trains replace intra-European aviation in steps to 2050. Find the Danish version here or download the English version:

2019

Night-Time Train Travel by Martijn Heufke Kantelaar.
A Stated-Preference study into the
Willingness to Use night trains for
European long-distance travel. Thesis at TU Delft. Find the English version here

Future of rail 2050 by Arup
This study on night trains has been developed in 2017 and has been held back by the German Ministry of Transport for two years. The study defines criteria for an economically successful night train network, not an extensive, supply-oriented and heavily subsidized network. It analyses existing studies and the information given in the night train hearings of the German parliament in 2015 and 2017. The study proves that night trains are a reasonable alternative to flying and using the own car, and it recommends public support, e. g. guarantees for rolling stock, or even providing a European car pool so that providers could lease the rolling stock.  Find it here (in German).

2018

Mikael Thorsén: Analysis of the decline and prospects of European night train traffic. A master’s thesis at Lund Technical University

BalkanBarriers to trans-national passenger rail services in the Western Balkans

2017

Put the night trains back on track by Oui au train de nuit, France
This case study on the potential of the French “Intercités de nuit” by the association « Oui au train de nuit » is giving a broad overview of the European situation with special focus on French night trains. It’s available in French, English and German.

Final report: Development of an attractive European night train system and potentials for night train traffic from, to and within Germany by Fraunhofer ISI et al
Study commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Transport (in German). Not available on the official website anymore, but here:

Passenger night trains in Europe:
the end of the line?
by the European Parliament Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies
Paper commissioned by the TRAN committee. It presents findings on what drives the financial, economic, social
and environmental viability of services and hence decisions on whether
to operate them or subsidise them.

2014

Review of the economic and
and organisational-technical feasibility of a of a European sleeper or hotel train concept for distances of 1000 to 2000 km
by VIEREGG – RÖSSLER for Windland
The entrepreneur Joachim Falkenhagen commissioned in 2014 a study on the feasibility of a European sleeping car and hotel train concept, which brought valuable findings and is quoted in many places. Not on web – Ask us for your private copy.

2013

Night Trains 2.0 – New opportunities by HSR? by DB on behalf of UIC
An in-depth examination of the market potential for Very Long Distance Night Trains worldwide, focussing on Western Europe where the potential is highest. Contains detailed calculations.